The Civil Rights Movement was not only about giving equal rights to people of color. It was about treating African Americans with the respect and dignity. After slavery had been abolished, blacks suffered from persistent discrimination in the South. However, there were black Americans who could speak up in face of racists. Besides, there were white Americans who supported equal treatment for all. After President Truman had initiated the civil rights agenda in the military, the movement spread beyond the army.
Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks are the most notable names in the history of civil rights movement. They never ignored segregation and encouraged others to do so. They and more activists pushed Congress to develop a civil rights legislation. At the peak of the civil rights movement, A. Philip Randolph, Bayard Rustin, and Martin Luther King Jr. with more than 200,000 people arrived in Washington, D.C. with the peaceful civil rights demonstration of 1963.